All suggestions of additions welcome. This is something I’ve been working on for a couple of weeks, because I really needed a proper understanding of the background for women in Science in the Victorian era. It is only partially complete, but the backbone is there.
|1799||Mary Anning (21 May 1799 – 9 March 1847) was an English fossil collector, dealer, and palaeontologist
|Discovery of the Ichthysaurs, Plesiosaurus, and many invertebrate fossil species.|
|1816||Marie-Sophie Germain (1 April 1776 – 27 June 1831) was a French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher.||Submitted her third paper, Recherches sur la théorie des surfaces élastiques under her own name, and became the first woman to win a prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences.|
|1826||Mary Fairfax Somerville
(26 December 1780 – 29 November 1872) was a Scottish science writer and polymath (Caroline Herschel was first in 18th century)
|Presented a paper entitled ‘The Magnetic Properties of the Violet Rays of the Solar Spectrum’ to the Royal Society|
|1832||Jeanne Villepreux-Power (24 September 1794 – 25 January 1871) was a pioneering French marine biologist||The first person to create aquaria for experimenting with aquatic organisms. The first woman member of the Catania Accademia, and a correspondent member of the London Zoological Society.
|1834||Janet Taylor (1804–1870), was an English astronomer scientific instrument maker, and navigation expert||Her “Mariner’s Calculator” was patented. She produced Lunar Tables for Calculating Distances. She was awarded a Civil List pension in 1860.|
|1835||Mary Fairfax Somerville and Caroline Herschel||Elected as Honorary Members of the Royal Astronomical Society|
|1836||The Deaconess Institute at Kaiserswerth was established t0 teach women nursing.|
|1842||Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace, (10 December 1815 – 27 November 1852) was a British mathematician and writer||Wrote the first computer program, for use by the Analytical Engine built by Charles Babbage.|
|1843||Anna Atkins (16 March 1799 – 9 June 1871) was an English botanist and photographer||Self-published her photograms in the first installment of Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions
|1847||Maria Mitchell (August 1, 1818 – June 28, 1889) was an American astronomer||She discovered a comet, which was recorded as Miss Mitchell’s Comet
|1848||Maria Mitchell||First woman elected Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
|1850||Maria Mitchell||First woman elected to the American Association for the Advancement of Science|
|1850||Founding of women’s tertiary educational facility, the North London Collegiate School|
|1853||Founding of women’s tertiary educational facility, Cheltenham Ladies’ College|
|1860||Florence Nightingale||Established the Nightingale Training School for Nurses|
|1865||Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, LSA, MD (9 June 1836 – 17 December 1917), was an English physician and feminist.||the first Englishwoman to qualify as a physician and surgeon in Britain. She was the co-founder of the first hospital staffed by women, the first dean of a British medical school, the first female doctor of medicine in France, the first woman in Britain to be elected to a school board and, as Mayor of Aldeburgh, the first female mayor and magistrate in Britain
|1865||Maria Mitchell||Was made professor of astronomy at Vassar College, and she was also named as Director of the Vassar College Observatory.|
|1869||Founding of first UK women’s university college, Girton|
|1871||Founding of UK women’s university college, Newnham|
|1874||Sofia Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya (15 January 1850 – 10 February 1891) was the first major Russian female mathematician||She presented three papers to the University of Göttingen as her doctoral dissertation. This earned her a doctorate in mathematics summa cum laude, the first woman in Europe to achieve that degree.|
|1874||Elizabeth Garrett Anderson||founded the first UK medical school to train women, the London School of Medicine for Women|
|1879||Founding of UK women’s university college, Somerville|
|1881||Phoebe Sarah Hertha Ayrton (28 April 1854 – 23 August 1923) was an English engineer, mathematician, physicist, and inventor.||Successfully completed an external examination and received a B.Sc. degree from the University of London
|1884||Sofia Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya||Appointed to a five-year position as Professor Extraordinarius (Professor without Chair) and became the editor of Acta Mathematica.
|1886||Dorothea Klumpke Roberts (August 9, 1861 in San Francisco – October 5, 1942 ) was an astronomer.||Made Director of the Bureau of Measurements at the Paris Observatory for the production of a star atlas.
|1889||Sofia Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya||Appointed Professor Ordinarius at Stockholm University, the first woman to hold such a position at a northern European university|
|1889||Dorothea Klumpke Roberts||first recipient of the “Prix de Dames” from the Sociétié des Astronomique de France|
|1891||Annie Russell Maunder (14 April 1868 – 15 September 1947) was an Irish astronomer and mathematician.||began work at the Greenwich Royal Observatory, serving as one of the “lady computers”|
|1893||Dorothea Klumpke Roberts||First woman to be made an Officier d’Académe of the French Academy of Sciences AND she read her doctoral thesis, “L’étude des Anneaux de Saturne” to a large audience of academics at the Sorbonne, and was awarded the degree of Docteur-és-Sciences; the first woman to do so.|
|1896||Dorothea Klumpke Roberts||sailed to Norway on the Norwegian vessel Norse King, to observe the solar eclipse of August 9, 1896
|1897||Helen Beatrix Potter (28 July 1866 – 22 December 1943) was an English author, illustrator, natural scientist, and conservationist||submitted a paper, On the Germination of the Spores of the Agaricineae, to the Linnean Society. Was unable to be taken seriously as an academic and turned to children’s writing.
|1898||Annie Russell Maunder||She photographed the outer solar corona from India in 1898, then published The Heavens and their Story with her husband as coauthor. She was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society in November 1916.|
|1899||Phoebe Sarah Hertha Ayrton||At the International Congress of Women held in London, Hertha presided over the physical science section.
|1899||Margaret Lindsay, Lady Huggins (born 14 August 1848, Dublin – died 24 March 1915, London), was an Irish-English scientific investigator and astronomer.||co-authored the Atlas of Representative Stellar Spectra with her husband, William Huggins.|
|1902||Phoebe Sarah Hertha Ayrton||Published The Electric Arc, a summary of her research and work on the electric arc.|
|1904||Phoebe Sarah Hertha Ayrton||Became the first woman to read a paper before the Royal Society.|
|Phoebe Sarah Hertha Ayrton||was awarded the Royal Society‘s prestigious Hughes Medal “for her experimental investigations on the electric arc, and also on sand ripples”.|